Role of genetics and temperament in resilience

Authored by: Vijay Parkash , Archana , Updesh Kumar

The Routledge International Handbook of Psychosocial Resilience

Print publication date:  August  2016
Online publication date:  August  2016

Print ISBN: 9781138954878
eBook ISBN: 9781315666716
Adobe ISBN: 9781317355946

10.4324/9781315666716.ch7

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Abstract

In previous times, diagnosis and treatment of mental illnesses, psychological deficits and disabilities were the focal points in psychology, and the nature versus nurture issue has loomed largely in psychological research focused since. Then, there came a paradigm shift to the field of positive psychology that emphasized enhancing personal strengths, developing and maintaining well-being and fostering and encouraging the use of positive emotions (Frederickson, 2001). Very little research so far, however, has been conducted to investigate the role of nature and nurture in psychological wellness. Resilience as an ability to bounce back to normalcy after experiencing adversities has been well deliberated upon by various scholars. There have been enormous scholarly efforts to elaborate on the conceptualizations of resilience from varied points of view. Ample evidence has been put forth by the researchers to establish resilience as a trait as well as a process. An abundance of theories and models exist to delineate the process of resilience and the way it operates.

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