Civil–Military Relations

Authored by: Birthe Anders

Routledge Handbook Of Defence Studies

Print publication date:  February  2018
Online publication date:  February  2018

Print ISBN: 9781138122505
eBook ISBN: 9781315650463
Adobe ISBN:


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This chapter discusses civil–military relations as they relate to defence studies, beginning with competing theories of how relations between a government and its military should be ordered. Much of these debates have focused on established democracies, but the chapter also touches on emerging democracies and non-democratic states. Two case studies, on Provincial Reconstruction Teams in Afghanistan and NGO–military relations, highlight field-level experiences of civil–military relations. In the conclusion, three challenges to future civil–military relations are identified: changes in civilian societies and how they are reflected in the military, the role of the media and public perception, and the civil–military gap and how it can be managed.

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