Rio de Janeiro

Tackling Informality in Low-Income Housing – The Case of the Metropolitan Area of Rio de Janeiro

Authored by: Alex Ferreira Magalhães

The Routledge Handbook on Informal Urbanization

Print publication date:  December  2018
Online publication date:  January  2019

Print ISBN: 9781138183889
eBook ISBN: 9781315645544
Adobe ISBN:

10.4324/9781315645544-22

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Abstract

The objective of this article is to present and analyze the current strategies of the public sector in Brazil in terms of tackling issues of so-called ‘urban informality’, with regard to the occupation of urban land by low-income citizens for housing purposes. Tackling these issues translates into policies, programs, and/or initiatives understood as ‘land tenure regularization programs’. The article debates the problems and contradictions present in the conception and carrying out of such programs. As an empirical reference for this debate, we use the case of the metropolitan area of Rio de Janeiro, which consists of 21 municipalities around the city of Rio de Janeiro. To allow a more in-depth study of the case, the analysis was structured into three distinct settings, corresponding to the three sub-regions identified by the author in this metropolitan area. Each sub-region congregates groups of municipalities with shared territorial and socioeconomic characteristics. As a result, this article provides insight into the state of the art of the land tenure regularization policy in Brazil, bringing into the debate illustrative examples of some of the contemporary issues involved in tackling informality around the world.

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