Holberg’s Nazar and the Firmament

Authored by: Peter Fitting

The Routledge Companion to Imaginary Worlds

Print publication date:  October  2017
Online publication date:  September  2017

Print ISBN: 9781138638914
eBook ISBN: 9781315637525
Adobe ISBN:

10.4324/9781315637525.ch40

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Abstract

Ludvig Holberg was probably the most European of Scandinavian writers before Ibsen and certainly the best known; he is often referred to as the “father” of both Danish and Norwegian literature. Although he is usually remembered today as the “Molière of the North” for his satirical plays, like so many other 18th-century figures, his writing encompassed a wide range of fields: he was the author of historical and political works, as well as philosophical and legal essays, a series of “Moral Reflections,” and some autobiographical “Epistles,” and he was the author of an important subterranean utopia: The Journey of Niels Klim to the World Underground, with a new theory of the Earth and the History of the previously unknown Fifth Kingdom. First published in Latin in 1741, Niels Klim was quickly translated into a number of European languages: the first French edition appeared that same year, the first English edition a year later.

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