Evolutionary Psychology and Its Relevance to the Social Sciences

Authored by: Satoshi Kanazawa

Handbook on Evolution and Society

Print publication date:  January  2015
Online publication date:  November  2015

Print ISBN: 9781612058146
eBook ISBN: 9781315634203
Adobe ISBN: 9781317258339

10.4324/9781315634203.ch8

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Abstract

This chapter introduces the reader to the emerging science of evolutionary psychology and how it starkly contrasts with the Standard Social Science Model (SSSM), which predominates most of the social sciences today The chapter explicates some of the fundamental principles of evolutionary psychology and introduces the Savanna Principle, about the evolutionary constraints and limitations of the human brain and how they manifest in everyday behavior. Among other things, the Savanna Principle explains why much of human behavior today is maladaptive and why directional human evolution stopped 10,000 years ago. The chapter illustrates the relevance and utility of evolutionary psychology to the social sciences with a micro example (why most suicide bombers are Muslim) and a macro example (why different societies have varied institutions of marriage like monogamy and polygyny).

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