Diversion and the Sequential Intercept Model

Implications for Emerging Forensic Service Areas

Authored by: Kirk Heilbrun , Patricia A. Griffin , Edward Mulvey , David DeMatteo , Carol Schubert , Katy Winckworth-Prejsnar , Sarah Phillips , Sarah Filone

Handbook of Forensic Mental Health Services

Print publication date:  May  2017
Online publication date:  May  2017

Print ISBN: 9781138645943
eBook ISBN: 9781315627823
Adobe ISBN:

10.4324/9781315627823.ch18

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Abstract

There has been growing interest in developing and applying community-based alternatives to standard prosecution, conviction, and incarceration for justiceinvolved individuals, particularly those with behavioral health challenges. This trend expands the scope of forensic services in important ways, which we discuss in this chapter. We first focus on the nature of diversion and community-based alternatives to standard prosecution and conviction. We turn next to the sequential intercept model (SIM: Munetz & Griffin, 2006), a conceptual tool describing five points at which a justice-involved individual can be diverted to a rehabilitative alternative: (1) Law enforcement/emergency services; (2) booking/initial court hearings; (3) jails/courts; (4) reentry; and (5) community corrections/community support. The SIM can be used to promote system change and relevant data collection (Griffin, Heilbrun, Mulvey, DeMatteo, & Schubert, 2015), which we address in our description of its development and applications. There are several important U.S. national- and state-level organizations that facilitate diversion planning and reform; we describe these later in the chapter. Finally, we discuss the implications of these developments in the larger context of forensic services.

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