Forensic Mental Health in Corrections

Authored by: Robert D. Morgan , Angelea D. Bolaños , Karen Grabowski

Handbook of Forensic Mental Health Services

Print publication date:  May  2017
Online publication date:  May  2017

Print ISBN: 9781138645943
eBook ISBN: 9781315627823
Adobe ISBN:

10.4324/9781315627823.ch16

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Abstract

Forensic and correctional interventions are both focused on persons who are criminal justice-involved; nevertheless, they involve different populations and aims. Correctional interventions are typically focused on facilitating change such that an offender is less likely to reoffend, and thus public safety is enhanced. Correctional mental health services are typically offered in jails, prisons, and community corrections (e.g., probation, parole). Forensic interventions, on the other hand, encompass a wide array of civil and criminal psycholegal issues. Two major populations requiring forensic intervention are: (1) Defendants adjudicated not competent to stand trial and (2) individuals adjudicated not guilty by reason of insanity (termed not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder or other variants in other jurisdictions). While interventions for these two groups can be offered in correctional facilities (i.e., competency restoration) or target of treatment can overlap (i.e., risk management for individuals found not guilty by reason of insanity or not criminally responsible), there are important distinctions related to forensic interventions compared to the majority of correctional interventions.

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