An overview of Kurdistan of the 19th century

Authored by: Hamit Bozarslan

Routledge Handbook on the Kurds

Print publication date:  August  2018
Online publication date:  August  2018

Print ISBN: 9781138646643
eBook ISBN: 9781315627427
Adobe ISBN:


 Download Chapter



Some historians call the European 19th century the “long Century”. 1 That is also largely true as far as the Middle East is concerned. The century constitutes, indeed, a long period marked by violent discontinuities, conflicts, and re-structuration. While the old references died out in a very short period, and all the landmarks, from the good production to the communications, from the education system to the urban planning, changed in a relatively short period, international competitions, nationalisms, and radicalisms reshaped the entire region. Historians would agree that this century continued until the 1906 Constitutional Revolution in Persia and the 1908 Unionist pronunciamiento in the Ottoman Empire, if not until the end of World War I. But they would probably have more difficulty in finding a common date of the century’s beginning: did the Persian “new era” start with the establishment of the Qajar dynasty between 1786 and 1794 or with the Russian-Persian war of 1828? Should one take 1789, the year of enthronement of Selim III, as the starting point of the Ottoman “new era” or rather 1808, the year of his assassination?

Search for more...
Back to top

Use of cookies on this website

We are using cookies to provide statistics that help us give you the best experience of our site. You can find out more in our Privacy Policy. By continuing to use the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.