Horizontal inequalities

Individual capabilities and inequalities between groups

Authored by: Frances Stewart

Routledge Handbook of Development Ethics

Print publication date:  July  2018
Online publication date:  July  2018

Print ISBN: 9781138647909
eBook ISBN: 9781315626796
Adobe ISBN:

10.4324/9781315626796-16

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Abstract

Horizontal inequalities are inequalities between groups of people, in multiple dimensions, in contrast to vertical inequality, which is defined as inequality among individuals. Horizontal inequalities have critical bearing on individual capabilities, and also on broader issues related to the capability approach, including all the seven (non-growth) goals of development which form the focus of this book. However, perhaps the most important reason for concern with horizontal inequalities is that large horizontal inequalities are almost invariably unjust. This chapter first considers the relationship between horizontal inequalities and justice; second, how horizontal inequalities relate to individual capabilities; and third, how they relate to the other six goals.

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