Alevis in Turkey

Authored by: Ali Çarkoğlu , Ezgi Elçi

Routledge Handbook of Minorities in the Middle East

Print publication date:  October  2018
Online publication date:  September  2018

Print ISBN: 9781138649040
eBook ISBN: 9781315626031
Adobe ISBN:

10.4324/9781315626031-16

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Abstract

The relationships between the Turkish state, the Sunni majority, and the Alevi minority have always been precarious. 1 The roots of this fragility go back a long way, to the sixteenth century, the eastern campaign of the Ottoman Sultan Selim I and his war against the Safavids and their Emperor Shah Ismail I. The sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Ottoman Empire also experienced the Jelali Revolts, a series of uprisings named for Celal, who was an Alevi preacher. However, the friction between Alevis and the state continued during the Republican period, and despite the official efforts, it has never actually concluded. 2

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