Material Culture

Authored by: José C. Carvajal López

The Routledge Handbook Of Muslim Iberia

Print publication date:  April  2020
Online publication date:  April  2020

Print ISBN: 9781138649149
eBook ISBN: 9781315625959
Adobe ISBN:

10.4324/9781315625959-22

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Abstract

This text offers an overview of the historiography of approaches to the material culture of al-Andalus from the point of view of an archaeologist. The study of material culture of al-Andalus became a priority of the Spanish Crown in the eighteenth century, shortly after a movement to translate historical Arabic manuscripts had developed in Portugal and Spain. The lines of study set in that period were irregularly followed for most of the next 200 years, with the first archaeological excavations dating from the turn of the twentieth century, and with long periods of stagnation during most of the nineteenth century and the Fascist dictatorships of the twentieth century. In the 1970s a new archaeology of al-Andalus emerged when the dictatorships ended and a new generation of ambitious and intelligent scholars reformulated the field. A section of the chapter is dedicated to the last decade of studies in al-Andalus, in which new trends of research are slowly emerging and suggest that we could see a new framework set for the study of Andalusi material culture.

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