The Conquerors and the Formation of Al-Andalus

Authored by: Jesús Lorenzo Jiménez

The Routledge Handbook Of Muslim Iberia

Print publication date:  April  2020
Online publication date:  April  2020

Print ISBN: 9781138649149
eBook ISBN: 9781315625959
Adobe ISBN:

10.4324/9781315625959-2

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Abstract

The conquest of al-Andalus took place when the transformations in the Islamic empire implemented by the Marwānid branch of the Umayyads were at their highest peak. Mūsā ibn Nuṣayr, the major actor in the conquest, had strong links with the Umayyads of Damascus. What the sources suggest is that the most common form of conquest was capitulation and pacts with the conquered. The patronate (walāʼ) bonds established between the conquerors and the vanquished played a major role in the formation of the post-conquest societies.

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