Philosophy

Authored by: Sarah Stroumsa

The Routledge Handbook Of Muslim Iberia

Print publication date:  April  2020
Online publication date:  April  2020

Print ISBN: 9781138649149
eBook ISBN: 9781315625959
Adobe ISBN:

10.4324/9781315625959-19

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Abstract

Philosophy and theology in al-Andalus developed as a continuation of the speculative thought in the Islamic East and in constant dialogue with it. While reflecting their different sources, Andalusi philosophy and theology have a distinct character that displays their originality and the fact that they belong to the world of al-Andalus. In the fourth/tenth and fifth/eleventh centuries in al-Andalus, the influence of Neoplatonic thought was prominent, while Aristotelian philosophy peaked in the sixth/twelfth century. Jews and Muslims played an equal part in the development of Andalusi philosophical thought, but their progress did not always follow a parallel trajectory. Taking into account the contemporary Andalusi social and political context, the present chapter endeavors to treat the various products of philosophy and theology in al-Andalus as parts of a common intellectual history.

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