Women in the Roman Iron Age ( ad 0–400) in Scandinavia

Authored by: Nancy L. Wicker

Women in Antiquity

Print publication date:  August  2016
Online publication date:  August  2016

Print ISBN: 9781138808362
eBook ISBN: 9781315621425
Adobe ISBN: 9781317219910

10.4324/9781315621425.ch73

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Abstract

Although the Romans never made it to Scandinavia, the region was not untouched by the Roman Empire. In fact, within Scandinavian archaeology, the period from the birth of Christ until around ad 400 is called the Roman Iron Age due to the presence of elite Roman goods, including weapons and military equipment as well as bronze and glass vessels. These goods reflect networks of contacts with Rome by way of trade, gifts, and the return of soldiers who had served the Empire. Studies of the Scandinavian Roman Iron Age have focused on weapons found in graves and war booty in bogs (see J⊘rgensen et al. 2003) to such a great extent that Bj⊘rn Myhre (2003: 74) states that this “society was dominated by a martial ideology” (my trans.). Yet the impact of Rome was felt not only in Danish votive military offerings but also in the rich graves of elite women throughout the North.

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