Women’s Daily lives in Late Bronze Age Ugarit (2nd millennium bce )

Authored by: Marguerite Yon

Women in Antiquity

Print publication date:  August  2016
Online publication date:  August  2016

Print ISBN: 9781138808362
eBook ISBN: 9781315621425
Adobe ISBN: 9781317219910

10.4324/9781315621425.ch31

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Abstract

The ancient name of Ugarit designated both a small Levantine kingdom located on the northern coast of the eastern Mediterranean and that kingdom’s capital at Tell Ras Shamra, about one kilometer from the principle port of Mahadu (bay of Minet-el-Beida). 1 Excavation of the tell (since 1929) has revealed a nearly continuous occupation since the Neolithic, but the best-known phase is in the second half of the second millennium bce (Late Bronze Age). The majority of the visible remains on the tell’s surface date to this period, the site having been abandoned immediately thereafter. Here we recognize an agglomerative, organized urban center, with a defensive wall, royal palace, and temples, as well as streets accommodating houses of varying quality, in which lived a population whose lives and life-styles we are gradually coming to know better thanks to a corpus of archaeology and epigraphy that is exceptional in its variety and quality. Ugarit provides an important example of the societies which lived in the Mediterranean Levant in the Late Bronze Age, and its connections with neighboring civilizations or with biblical tradition make it a significant reference site.

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