Understanding the lives of Ancient Egyptian women

The contribution of physical anthropology

Authored by: Rosalie David

Women in Antiquity

Print publication date:  August  2016
Online publication date:  August  2016

Print ISBN: 9781138808362
eBook ISBN: 9781315621425
Adobe ISBN: 9781317219910

10.4324/9781315621425.ch12

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Abstract

Egypt has a unique geographical context: most of the country is desert but, although the rainfall is generally negligible, the Delta, Nile Valley and scattered oases in the Western Desert are fertile. In antiquity, this landscape was the result of the Nile inundation: river water and alluvial mud were used to irrigate a limited area of land where people could pursue agriculture, animal husbandry and build their habitations. This fertile land was scarce, and so the dead were buried in graves, tombs and pyramids on the edges of the desert; here, environmental conditions were ideal for preserving funerary structures and their contents.

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