Patterns of violence against women in the Iron Age town of Hasanlu, Solduz Valley, Iran

Authored by: Janet Monge , Page Selinsky

Women in Antiquity

Print publication date:  August  2016
Online publication date:  August  2016

Print ISBN: 9781138808362
eBook ISBN: 9781315621425
Adobe ISBN: 9781317219910

10.4324/9781315621425.ch10

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Abstract

Violence, both interpersonal and shaped by warfare, is an emerging area of research within bioarchaeology. Since the publication of the Martin and Frayer volume Troubled Times in 1997, the topic has captured the interest of many biological anthropologists enlisted to help interpret the archaeological record of human interaction and conflict. Two notable recent publications, The Archaeology of Violence (Ralph 2013a) and an issue of the International Journal of Paleopathology in 2012 (see editorial comment by Martin and Harrod), contain discussions of wounded bodies as evidence of pre- and proto-historic conflict. The meaning of violence, especially associated with distinct patterns of trauma as it falls along biological sex, socio-economic, cultural, or group/population lines, is difficult to interpret. Moreover, there are structured and unstructured components to violence, which can be sanctified and even ritualized, all of which could potentially influence our interpretation of violence (perhaps more accurately described simply as inflicted traumatic injury) in the past (see, for example, Ralph 2013a, 2013b).

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