The Israeli welfare state system

With special reference to social inclusion

Authored by: John Gal

The Routledge International Handbook to Welfare State Systems

Print publication date:  January  2017
Online publication date:  January  2017

Print ISBN: 9781472449306
eBook ISBN: 9781315613758
Adobe ISBN: 9781317041085


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A Mediterranean welfare state, the Israeli welfare state system consists of a relatively comprehensive system of social protection institutions that have developed since Israel’s establishment in 1948. Although structured originally along the lines of the Beveridgean model and inspired early on by social-democratic thinking, the effectiveness of the Israeli welfare state has been limited, particularly in the last three decades. Operating in a context of ongoing conflict with Israel’s neighbors and influenced strongly in recent years by the neoliberal discourse, the Israeli welfare state has struggled to deal adequately with growing inequality and poverty and with the integration of two major social groups – Arab citizens and ultra-orthodox Jews.

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