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Authored by: Christian Aspalter

The Routledge International Handbook to Welfare State Systems

Print publication date:  January  2017
Online publication date:  January  2017

Print ISBN: 9781472449306
eBook ISBN: 9781315613758
Adobe ISBN: 9781317041085


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The world of today is particularly exposed to new developments, locally and globally. The problems of the 20th century have not been solved yet, for example gender and ethnic discrimination and particularly, through the workings of dual welfare state systems (see Sainsbury, 1993, 1999; Dixon and Scheurell, 1994; Hobson, 1994; Pascall, 2008). Already there are new challenges unraveling the economic and social fabric of developed welfare state systems, such as long-term massive unemployment, ever-increasing poverty and social exclusion, lack of societal fertility and now massive waves of immigration across continents.

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