NATO as a Post-Cold War Humanitarian and Peacekeeping Organization

Authored by: Marco Rimanelli

The Ashgate Research Companion to War

Print publication date:  January  2012
Online publication date:  March  2016

Print ISBN: 9780754678267
eBook ISBN: 9781315613741
Adobe ISBN: 9781317041115

10.4324/9781315613741.ch18

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Abstract

The Cold War’s end with the 1989–90 peaceful anti-Communist revolts in Eastern Europe, and the collapse of both Communism and the USSR, suddenly released old pent-up ethno-nationalisms in Europe and the ex-USSR, while US leadership of the West and NATO was reconfirmed with its permanent commitment to European security. Russia instead survived only as a semi-democratic “courtesy power” with minimal forces, a collapsing population and massive economic reliance on exports of raw materials and arms. In Russia, the political clash between President Boris Yeltsin’s reformist government and a Communist/Nationalist parliament was repressed during the “Reds and Browns” failed Coup (1993), but opposition to NATO’s expansion toward vulnerable Russian borders remained, pushing Russia into ultra-nationalist anti-Western policies in Yugoslavia and Iraq to retain a figment of its past international influence.

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