The emergence of the eldercare industry in China

Progress and challenges

Authored by: Xiying Fan , Heying Jenny Zhan , Qi Wang

The Routledge Handbook of Social Care Work Around the World

Print publication date:  January  2018
Online publication date:  December  2017

Print ISBN: 9781472479457
eBook ISBN: 9781315612805
Adobe ISBN:


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Population ageing is a global trend. Yet the speed of population ageing in China has surpassed the rest of the developed world – while it took a century for most developed nations, such as France, Germany and the US, to double the elderly population from 7 per cent to 14 per cent of the nation’s total population, it took China only between 25 and 27 years to do so. According to a recent report from the National Bureau of Statistics of China (2015), by the end of 2014 the elderly population (65+) has reached 13.7 per cent (National Bureau of Statistics of China, 2015, Table 2.11). The United Nations (UN) projects that by 2050, the older population (65+) in China will reach 331 million (UN, 2011, Table A.31). Simultaneously, persons aged 80 and above will also increase dramatically, from 23 million in 2013 to 90 million in 2050 (UN, 2013, p. 32).

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