Access to and benefit-sharing of marine genetic resources beyond national jurisdiction

Developing a new legally binding instrument

Authored by: Carlos M. Correa

Routledge Handbook of Biodiversity and the Law

Print publication date:  December  2017
Online publication date:  November  2017

Print ISBN: 9781138693302
eBook ISBN: 9781315530857
Adobe ISBN:


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This chapter examines the underlying principles and main elements of binding and non-binding international instruments relating to access and benefit-sharing of genetic resources. It discusses the gap left by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and some of the elements that might be considered in developing a new legally binding instrument on access and benefit-sharing, derived from the exploitation of marine genetic resources found in areas beyond national jurisdiction, as mandated by the UN General Assembly. The chapter further elaborates on some of the problems faced in the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity and other international instruments on genetic resources and the extent to which the principles and operative mechanisms of those instruments may provide guidance for the development and adoption of that new instrument.

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