Climate diplomacy and peace

Authored by: Dennis Tänzler

Routledge Handbook of Environmental Conflict and Peacebuilding

Print publication date:  April  2018
Online publication date:  April  2018

Print ISBN: 9781138202528
eBook ISBN: 9781315473772
Adobe ISBN:

10.4324/9781315473772-21

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Abstract

The Paris Agreement reached at the COP21 in December 2015 is a landmark climate agreement – and the successful culmination of years of complex negotiations. Diplomats were able to break the long-standing divide between developed and developing countries by building a coalition that agrees that it is really time to aim at high ambition. The agreement is considered unique for its ambition to keep global warming well below 2 degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial levels, its inclusiveness, its transparency requirements, and the fact that each country will own and be held accountable for their own climate targets. The agreement is also the result of a long-lasting process that collapsed in 2009 during the climate conference in Copenhagen. This slow progress in further developing the international climate regime convinced diplomats after 2009 that urgent action is needed that complements and stretches beyond international climate negotiations. So it was no surprise after the Copenhagen failure that climate change has gained increasing prominence among foreign policy makers and diplomats (Tänzler and Carius 2012).

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