Spirituality and landscape planning

Authored by: Cecil Konijnendijk van den Bosch

The Routledge International Handbook of Spirituality in Society and the Professions

Print publication date:  March  2019
Online publication date:  March  2019

Print ISBN: 9781138214675
eBook ISBN: 9781315445489
Adobe ISBN:


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Religious and spiritual matters form an important context through which the majority of the world’s population live their lives, forge a sense of self and make and perform their different geographies (Holloway and Valins 2002). This essay discusses the spiritual aspects associated with how we shape and engage with landscapes, defined as parts of the land, as perceived by local people or visitors, which evolve through time as a result of being acted upon by natural forces and human beings (Council of Europe 2000). In the words of Oles (2014), landscape is the sum of all actions that people and groups undertake to build and shape their environment. Thus, landscapes are co-created by people and nature, as reflected in the ‘scape’ (create, form, shape) part of the term. Landscapes represent and are shaped by a wide range of relationships between people and the land, from economic and production purposes to cultural heritage and spiritual values.

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