Distance Education in Asia

Indonesia and Philippines

Authored by: Tian Belawati , Melinda dela Peña Bandalaria

Handbook of Distance Education

Print publication date:  December  2018
Online publication date:  December  2018

Print ISBN: 9781138238992
eBook ISBN: 9781315296135
Adobe ISBN:


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This chapter focuses on Indonesia and Philippines and provides a survey of the field of distance education in these geographical regions. Historical background, educational frameworks, and current initiatives are covered. A review of open universities, open educational initiatives, and the use of MOOCs is also included.

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