Constituting NGOs

Authored by: William E. DeMars , Dennis Dijkzeul

Routledge Handbook of NGOs and International Relations

Print publication date:  April  2019
Online publication date:  April  2019

Print ISBN: 9781138285507
eBook ISBN: 9781315268927
Adobe ISBN:


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What constitutes non-governmental organizations? What makes an NGO an NGO, rather than a transnational corporation, a state, a warlord or insurgency? How are NGOs so readily recognizable to each other, by other actors and for researchers? International Relations (IR) research over the past decade suggests that the conventional answer – that NGOs articulate common norms through a common discourse – is insufficient. If the focus on NGO discourse is misleading, then how much NGO practice do we need to notice? And what are the most crucial NGO practices?

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