Security and political economy in the Middle East

Authored by: Raymond Hinnebusch

Routledge Handbook on Middle East Security

Print publication date:  February  2019
Online publication date:  February  2019

Print ISBN: 9781138749894
eBook ISBN: 9781315180113
Adobe ISBN:

10.4324/9781315180113-18

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Abstract

This chapter examines the security implications of Middle East political economy. It shows how economic sovereignty was securitized by the Arab nationalist movement; and how OPEC ostensibly weaponized oil to serve Arab national security. Oil had domestic security implications: it enabled the consolidation of authoritarianism and deterred democratization. Finally, oil is an issue in regional conflicts and a driver of oil wars.

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