Sentence-Level Processing for Content and New L2 Words

Where Does Deeper Processing Go?

Authored by: Joe Barcroft

The Routledge Handbook of Second Language Research in Classroom Learning

Print publication date:  February  2019
Online publication date:  February  2019

Print ISBN: 9781138056923
eBook ISBN: 9781315165080
Adobe ISBN:


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The type of processing–resource allocation (TOPRA) model predicts that increasing semantic processing can decrease form processing when demands are high. This study tested TOPRA by having English-speaking Spanish learners read Spanish sentences while attempting to learn new words within them. Informational content was greater in a +semantic condition. Comprehension checks were in Spanish in Experiment 1 and in English in Experiment 2. Results of Experiment 1 indicated significantly less word learning in +semantic, consistent with TOPRA; this difference was not statistically significant in Experiment 2, however. Findings are discussed from the perspectives of TOPRA and levels of processing.

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