Biotechnological innovation, non-obvious warfare and challenges to international law

Authored by: Christopher Lowe

Routledge Handbook of War, Law and Technology

Print publication date:  May  2019
Online publication date:  May  2019

Print ISBN: 9781138084551
eBook ISBN: 9781315111759
Adobe ISBN:


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Biotechnology provides an ideal platform from which to tackle twenty-first century challenges since it is based on continuously renewable low-energy resources and is able to provide both food and non-food products from managed industrial, agricultural, aquacultural, and forestry ecosystems. In the future, biotechnology will pervade all aspects of human activity – the so-called bioeconomy represents a new route to the sustainable production of biomass, either as a product per se or as a raw material; producing a plethora of food, health, and other material inputs; supplying the industrial, security, and energy sectors – in order to address major environmental, social, and economic challenges and create a safe, healthy and prosperous biosphere for current and future generations. A mature bio-based economy will deliver global food security, improve nutrition and health, create bioproducts and bioprocesses in multiple industrial sectors, contribute to green energy provision, and help agriculture, forestry, aquaculture and other ecosystems to adapt to climate change.

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