Critiques of Christianity from Savarkar to Malhotra

Authored by: Chad M. Bauman

The Routledge Handbook of Hindu–Christian Relations

Print publication date:  December  2020
Online publication date:  December  2020

Print ISBN: 9780367000707
eBook ISBN: 9781003139843
Adobe ISBN:


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Early twentieth-century critics of Christianity in India began where their eighteenth- and nineteenth-century predecessors left off, contesting Christian truth claims, theologies, soteriologies, and epistemologies. More than their predecessors, however, they focused on the putative denationalizing effects of conversion to Christianity while criticizing the Christian impulse to proselytize itself. With remarkable consistency in perspective from the 1920s to the present, the authors profiled in this chapter—V.D. Savarkar, K.B. Hedgewar, M.S. Golwalkar, M.K. Gandhi, Ram Swarup, Sita Ram Goel, Arun Shourie, Ashok Chowgule, Swami Dayananda Saraswati, Radha Rajan, The Hindu American Foundation, and Rajiv Malhotra—articulate a view of good and proper religion that calls into question the validity of the Christianities they encountered.

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