Gendered access and participation

Unequal subject choices in Indian higher education

Authored by: Karuna Chanana

The Routledge Handbook of Education in India

Print publication date:  September  2021
Online publication date:  September  2021

Print ISBN: 9780367466770
eBook ISBN: 9781003030362
Adobe ISBN:


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What is central to globalisation is that the world has become increasingly interdependent and ever closer. Further, the direct nexus between the industry, corporate world, and higher education has brought a transformation in the skills needed for jobs. The most salient development is the rise of the for-profit private sector in higher education, which offers academic programmes and subjects in response to market demand. This explains the rise of private universities and colleges providing self-funded/self-financing education around the world and in India.

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