Gangs, Gang Dynamics, and Gender

Exploring gangs in Trinidad and Tobago

Authored by: Wendell C. Wallace

The Routledge Handbook on Africana Criminologies

Print publication date:  December  2020
Online publication date:  December  2020

Print ISBN: 9780367435721
eBook ISBN: 9781003004424
Adobe ISBN:


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The presence of gangs is not a new phenomenon in the Caribbean. However, research on gangs in the Caribbean, especially Trinidad and Tobago, though increasing, is still in its infancy when compared to similar research in North America and Europe. In Trinidad and Tobago, theoretical and empirical research and evaluations are increasing with the goal of better understanding and responding to the pervasive issue of gangs. Several studies on gangs on the island document a robust and consistent relationship between gang membership and increased criminality. As main theories of gang involvement, the anomie and strain theories suggest that gangs provide a means of fulfilling the economic needs of individuals who are excluded from legitimate economic activities. This chapter explores gangs, gang dynamics, and gender in the context of gangs in Trinidad and Tobago. The chapter also examines trends, current topics, and issues associated with gangs on the island.

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