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The Routledge Handbook of Dehumanization

Edited by: Maria Kronfeldner

Print publication date:  February  2021
Online publication date:  February  2021

Print ISBN: 9781138588158
eBook ISBN: 9780429492464
Adobe ISBN:

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Book description

A striking feature of atrocities, as seen in genocides, civil wars, or violence against certain racial and ethnic groups, is the attempt to dehumanize ? to deny and strip human beings of their humanity. Yet the very nature of dehumanization remains relatively poorly understood.

The Routledge Handbook of Dehumanization is the first comprehensive and multidisciplinary reference source on the subject and an outstanding survey of the key concepts, issues, and debates within dehumanization studies. Organized into four parts, the Handbook covers the following topics:

  • The history of dehumanization from Greek Antiquity to the 20th century, contextualizing the oscillating boundaries, dimensions, and hierarchies of humanity in the history of the ?West?;
  • How dehumanization is contemporarily studied with respect to special contexts: as part of social psychology, as part of legal studies or literary studies, and how it connects to the idea of human rights, disability and eugenics, the question of animals, and the issue of moral standing;
  • How to tackle its complex facets, with respect to the perpetrator?s and the target?s perspective, metadehumanization and selfdehumanization, rehumanization, social death, status and interdependence, as well as the fear we show toward robots that become too human for us;
  • Conceptual and epistemological questions on how to distinguish different forms of dehumanization and neighboring phenomena, on why dehumanization appears so paradoxical, and on its connection to hatred, essentialism, and perception.

Essential reading for students and researchers in philosophy, history, psychology, and anthropology, this Handbook will also be of interest to those in related disciplines, such as politics, international relations, criminology, legal studies, literary studies, gender studies, disability studies, or race and ethnic studies, as well as readers from social work, political activism, and public policy.

Table of contents

Prelims Download PDF
Chapter  1:  Introduction Download PDF
Chapter  2:  Dehumanization Before The Columbian Exchange Download PDF
Chapter  3:  “Humanity” and Its Limits in Early Modern European Thought  Download PDF
Chapter  4:  Enlightenment Humanization and Dehumanization, and the Orangutan Download PDF
Chapter  5:  Dehumanizing the Exotic in Living Human Exhibitions Download PDF
Chapter  6:  Dehumanizing Strategies in Nazi Ideology and Their Anthropological Context  Download PDF
Chapter  7:  Theorizing the Inhumanity of Human Nature, 1955-1985 Download PDF
Chapter  8:  The Social Psychology of Dehumanization Download PDF
Chapter  9:  Dehumanization and the Loss of Moral Standing Download PDF
Chapter  10:  Dehumanization and the Question of Animals  Download PDF
Chapter  11:  Dehumanization, Disability, and Eugenics Download PDF
Chapter  12:  Dehumanization and Human Rights Download PDF
Chapter  13:  Dehumanization by Law  Download PDF
Chapter  14:  Dehumanization in Literature and the Figure of the Perpetrator  Download PDF
Chapter  15:  Dehumanization and Social Death as Fundamentals of Racism Download PDF
Chapter  16:  How Status and Interdependence Explain Different Forms of Dehumanization Download PDF
Chapter  17:  Exploring Metadehumanization and Self-dehumanization From a Target Perspective Download PDF
Chapter  18:  The Dehumanization and Rehumanization of Refugees Download PDF
Chapter  19:  Motivational and Cognitive Underpinnings of Fear of Social Robots That Become “too Human for Us” Download PDF
Chapter  20:  Objectification, Inferiorization, and Projection in Phenomenological Research on Dehumanization Download PDF
Chapter  21:  Why Dehumanization Is Distinct From Objectification Download PDF
Chapter  22:  On Hatred and Dehumanization  Download PDF
Chapter  23:  Dehumanization, the Problem of Humanity and the Problem of Monstrosity Download PDF
Chapter  24:  Psychological Essentialism and Dehumanization  Download PDF
Chapter  25:  Could Dehumanization Be Perceptual? Download PDF
Index Download PDF
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