Intolleranza 1960

Authored by: Jonathan Impett

Routledge Handbook to Luigi Nono and Musical Thought

Print publication date:  October  2018
Online publication date:  October  2018

Print ISBN: 9781409455974
eBook ISBN: 9780429485732
Adobe ISBN:


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Intolleranza 1960 (1961) is the first of what Nono calls ‘azione scenica’ (stage action). The concept derives from Sartre; his ‘What is literature?’ is important to Nono. Title and form are inspired by D.W.Griffith’s 1916 film Intolerance. Nono likewise uses a sequence of events representing different forms of injustice relating to contemporary European industrial workers, here connected by the narrative of an emigrant worker returning home. He works with Angelo Maria Ripellino on the text, influenced by Myakovsky. Their collaboration becomes problematic; the work eventually incorporates texts by Alleg, Brecht, Césaire, Eluard, Fucík, Mayakovsky, Ripellino and Sartre. Nono completes the score is three months. He explores ways of reflecting human social relationships in musical material. Svoboda’s multi-media Lanterna Magika is an influence – Svoboda provides projections for the production, and Vedova stage design. The work includes electronic tape; Nono also considered using film. Schönberg is Nono’s model for the relationship of music, text and light. The first performance at La Fenice is disrupted by right-wing protesters, but is critically acclaimed. It is subsequently produced in Germany, but not heard again in Italy for fifty years.

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