Individual Well-Being and Performance at Work

A conceptual and theoretical overview

Authored by: Toon W. Taris , Wilmar B. Schaufeli

Current Issues in Work and Organizational Psychology

Print publication date:  September  2018
Online publication date:  September  2018

Print ISBN: 9781138604940
eBook ISBN: 9780429468339
Adobe ISBN:

10.4324/9780429468339-11

 Download Chapter

 

Abstract

From a historical perspective, one of the main aims of early twentieth-century authors like Emil Kraepelin, Hugo Münsterberg, and Frederick Taylor was to optimize worker performance (e.g., Koppes & Pick-ren, 2007; Taris, 2018). In the days of industrial capitalism, workers’ performance was of great concern. For example, in The Principles of Scientific Management, Taylor (1911/2006) argued that

instead of using every effort to turn out the largest possible amount of work, in a majority of the cases [a worker] deliberately plans to do as little as he safely can… Underworking, that is, deliberately working slowly so as to avoid doing a full day’s work… constitutes the greatest evil with which the working-people of both England and America are now afflicted.

(p. 7)

 Cite
Search for more...
Back to top

Use of cookies on this website

We are using cookies to provide statistics that help us give you the best experience of our site. You can find out more in our Privacy Policy. By continuing to use the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.