Migrant and Refugee Children Protection against Trafficking and Exploitation

Assessing EU response from an international human rights law perspective

Authored by: Carmen Pérez González

The Routledge Handbook of European Security Law and Policy

Print publication date:  October  2019
Online publication date:  October  2019

Print ISBN: 9781138609990
eBook ISBN: 9780429465918
Adobe ISBN:


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Migrant and refugee children constitute a vulnerable group facing severe risks. The Council of Europe Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) has recently affirmed that children represent a quarter of identified victims of human trafficking on average in Europe for sexual exploitation, labour exploitation, forced marriage and, increasingly, forced criminality. The aim of this work is twofold. First, it will examine the main aspects of EU law and policy normative framework on the protection of migrant and refugee children against trafficking and exploitation. International obligations imposed upon the EU and its Member States by International Human Rights Law will be considered for the analysis. Second, it will reflect on the weaknesses of that framework and propose adequate reforms in the light of the upcoming Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration.

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