Negative Spaces in the Triangle of Gender, Religion, and New Media

A case study of the Ultra-Orthodox community in Israel

Authored by: Rivka Neriya-Ben Shahar

The Routledge Handbook of Gender and Communication

Print publication date:  November  2020
Online publication date:  November  2020

Print ISBN: 9781138329188
eBook ISBN: 9780429448317
Adobe ISBN:


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The chapter focuses on the multiple and complex relationships between gender, religion and new media through a case study of the Ultra-Orthodox community in Israel. The main argument is that we should see gender, religion, and new media as a triangle comprising a system in which each part influences the others in multiple ways. I argue that a contemporary study of any one aspect should employ intersectional analysis to account for other factors. Moreover, analyzing intersections of gender, religion, and new media requires attention to relations, continuums, and negative spaces that are both creating and emerging from the pairing of the ostensibly oppositional categories of women/men, religion/secularization, and traditional/new media. The Ultra-Orthodox community in Israel provides a case study demonstrating how the intersections between gender, religion, and new media necessarily entail changing boundaries between women and men, religion and secularization, and traditional and new media. It contributes to our understanding of how taking into account both the complicated negative spaces and rich continuums of the triangular relationships between the sides and angles of this gender/religion/media triangle enable us to have a new multilayered approach.

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