The Evolution of Conflict Response

Management, resolution, and transformation

Authored by: Alpaslan Özerdem

Routledge Handbook of Conflict Response and Leadership in Africa

Print publication date:  September  2021
Online publication date:  September  2021

Print ISBN: 9780367332228
eBook ISBN: 9780429318603
Adobe ISBN:


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With the end of the Cold War, civil war became the most common form of armed conflict, and liberal notions of peace have been actively adopted in major international peace-supporting activities since the 1990s. Although international peacebuilding activities rapidly increased in terms of their number, size, and forms, the activities were primarily initiated and led by international organizations and nation states from the global North (mainly European and North American). They were, therefore, firmly underpinned by the liberal notions of peace. As a result, the liberal prescriptions for peace were embedded in the conflict response programmes, whether they are peacemaking, peacekeeping, or peacebuilding operations.

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