The Role of IGAD in Peacebuilding and Conflict Resolution

The case of South Sudan

Authored by: Billy Agwanda , Uğur Yasin Asal , Ahmad Shoaib Ghulam Nabi , Israel Nyaburi Nyadera

Routledge Handbook of Conflict Response and Leadership in Africa

Print publication date:  September  2021
Online publication date:  September  2021

Print ISBN: 9780367332228
eBook ISBN: 9780429318603
Adobe ISBN:


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International organizations have played a critical role in promoting international peace and security since the end of the Second World War. Specifically, the United Nations has been an important actor and anchor of peace through forging negotiations and peace enforcement missions. These efforts can be credited for the decline of interstate conflicts. However, the world has witnessed a sharp increase in conflicts between states and non-state actors since the end of the Cold War, and what has been of concern is the declining presence and influence of the UN in addressing these new forms of protracted conflicts. This has opened a gap for regional organizations to play a role in peace processes. The rise of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) from a development forum to an active mediator in peace and conflict resolution provides a unique example to examine the involvement of regional actors in international peacebuilding.

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