Tourism Cities in China

Authored by: Bihu Wu , Qing Li , Feiya Ma , Ting Wang

Routledge Handbook of Tourism Cities

Print publication date:  August  2020
Online publication date:  August  2020

Print ISBN: 9780367199999
eBook ISBN: 9780429244605
Adobe ISBN:


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Tourism cities in China, like Sino-West trade and communication, have a long history. At the tourism city Xi’an, which was named Chang’an during the Tang Dynasty, archaeologists excavated the site of the fair in the western part of Chang’an and discovered toys, treasures and ornaments that were popular in Central Asia and West Asia around the seventh century. They also discovered the remains of temples that were worshipped by the people who lived in Central Asia and West Asia. It is known that many people visited Chang’an from Central Asia and West Asia (Su 1978). Then the tourism city Chang’an developed for international transportation and trade on land, while Suzhou and Hangzhou developed their trade and tourism with the Grand Canal. Italian Jesuit priest Matteo Ricci once pointed out that “Suzhou is famous for its beautiful scenery and rich products”. He also recorded that “As a popular saying goes, ‘Just as there is paradise in heaven, there are Suzhou and Hangzhou on earth’ ” (Ricci and Trigault 1983, p. 338). With the concentration and flow of the population, the recreation space appeared and developed in ancient China’s tourism cities. In the residential area, the building was cleverly combined with trees and courtyards to create a good environment. Look around the city, the rigorous buildings were organically integrated with natural landscapes and gardens (Dong 2004, p. 247).

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