Tourism in ASEAN Cities

Features and directions

Authored by: Hera Oktadiana , Philip L. Pearce

Routledge Handbook of Tourism Cities

Print publication date:  August  2020
Online publication date:  August  2020

Print ISBN: 9780367199999
eBook ISBN: 9780429244605
Adobe ISBN:


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This chapter provides an overview of tourism in four ASEAN capital cities: Bangkok, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur and Jakarta. The selection of these cities follows good practice in comparative case study research where the value of choosing leading exemplars is identified for benchmarking (Assaf and Dwyer 2013, Flyvbjerg 2006, Lennon, Smith, Cockerell and Trew 2006). Each city studied is a key airline hub for the region and they are all national capitals. The further interest in these locations lies in their existing status as major destination cities amidst the continued rise of tourism across Asia (Mastercard Global Destination Cities Index (GDCI) 2019, Pearce and Wu 2017). In brief, the first three cities are ranked in the Global Top 20 Destination Cities 2018 with the number of arrivals 22.78 million for Bangkok, 14.67 million for Singapore and 13.79 million for Kuala Lumpur (Mastercard Global Destination Cities Index (GDCI) 2019). Jakarta is catapulting towards the fastest growing cities both by overall growth (87% – 2016–2017) and direct travel and tourism GDP growth (6.2% pa – 2017–2027).

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