Killing and Other Campus Violence: Restorative Enrichment of Risk and Crisis Communication

Authored by: Cindi Atkinson , Courtney Vaughn , Jami VanCamp

Handbook of Risk and Crisis Communication

Print publication date:  September  2008
Online publication date:  September  2010

Print ISBN: 9780805857771
eBook ISBN: 9780203891629
Adobe ISBN: 9781135597757


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Due to the number of school shootings (one of the ultimate campus crises) in recent years, many citizens view future occurrences as likely and have put pressure on school districts to minimize this risk but also to deal with such crises should they erupt. To understand the social psychology of violence, researchers and practitioners must appreciate the concept of alienation (Seeman & Anderson, 1983). During the latter part of the 20th century, American scholars took the Germans’ lead and identified alienation as a key cause of violence. The school killer, for example, is so desensitized and disconnected from others that he can feel no one else’s pain (Blauner, 1964; Fromm, 1994; Lipset & Schneider, 1983; Seeman & Anderson, 1983). Friedland (2001), a communication researcher theorizing restorative justice suggests that educators could more successfully minimize alienation by promoting democracy through various proactive measures (Ahmed, Harris, & J.Braithwaite, 2001, & V. Braithwaite, 1989; Chavis, 1998; Karp, 2001; Karp & Breslin, 1995; Morrison, 2001; Sullivan & Tifft, 2005; Wachtel, 2000).

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