Modelling and simulation of tissue load in the upper extremities

Authored by: Clark R. Dickerson

Routledge Handbook of Biomechanics and Human Movement Science

Print publication date:  May  2008
Online publication date:  June  2008

Print ISBN: 9780415408813
eBook ISBN: 9780203889688
Adobe ISBN: 9781134132348


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Biomechanical analyses of the upper extremities are at a comparatively early stage compared to other regional investigations, including gait and low back biomechanics. However, upper extremity use pervades life in the modern world as a prerequisite for nearly all commonly performed activities, including reaching, grasping, tool use, machine operation, typing and athletics. Such a crucial role demands systematic study of arm use. This chapter highlights methods used to analyze tissue loads in the shoulder, elbow and wrist.

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