In This Chapter

Schooling, Cultural Diversity, and Student Motivation

Authored by: Revathy Kumar , Martin L. Maehr

Handbook of Research on Schools, Schooling, and Human Development

Print publication date:  May  2010
Online publication date:  June  2010

Print ISBN: 9780805859485
eBook ISBN: 9780203874844
Adobe ISBN: 9781135283872


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The 1983 report, A Nation at Risk, highlighted American students’ poor academic performance in comparative studies and called for major educational reforms. Twenty-five years later, the academic achievement of children—particularly minority children—in the United States remains a major concern, one that Gloria Ladson-Billings addressed before the American Educational Research Association (Ladson-Billings, 2006). She raised perennial questions that confound families, practitioners, educational researchers, and policymakers alike: Why the high levels of school dropout among urban students? Why do factors like race and class remain strong predictors of achievement? These questions are particularly relevant as large-scale immigration into the United States continues and educational institutions find themselves hard pressed to understand and meet the demands of a racially, ethnically, and economically diverse student population.

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