School Leadership Development in Africa

Authored by: Ruth Otunga , David K. Serem , Jonah Nyaga Kindiki

International Handbook on the Preparation and Development of School Leaders

Print publication date:  July  2008
Online publication date:  May  2009

Print ISBN: 9780415988476
eBook ISBN: 9780203872239
Adobe ISBN: 9781135277017


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African countries share similar geographical, historical, social, cultural and economic contexts. School leadership development in Africa is influenced by these factors. Historically, African countries South of Sahara were mainly colonized by Britain and France. The Germans’ influence was not sustained during wars for the scramble for Africa. For this reason, Africa is mainly divided into English-speaking (Anglophone), French-speaking (Francophone) and Portuguese-speaking (Lucophone) countries. Other languages spoken in Africa include Arabic, Italian and Afrikaans, a multitude of other African languages in the various countries. In Kenya for example, there are over 40 African languages spoken with Kiswahili as the main language of communication (Mbaabu, 1996). Consequently, Africa has variations in forms of formal education, depending on the specific foreign influence.

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