An overview of crime and criminology

Authored by: Yakov Gilinskiy

Routledge Handbook of International Criminology

Print publication date:  April  2011
Online publication date:  May  2011

Print ISBN: 9780415779098
eBook ISBN: 9780203864708
Adobe ISBN: 9781135193850


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Criminality is an element of society. The state of criminality is reflected in the crime trends, which reflect the society in which it exists. For many decades Russia and Russian criminology existed in conditions of isolation from the world and its science. Russian criminology dates from the 1870s to 1890s. From the 1930s to 1950s, during Stalin’s totalitarian regime, criminology, sociology, genetics, cybernetics, and others were “forbidden science.” Russian criminology only began to reappear during the Khrushchev’s “thaw” (1960s) and began actively to develop and to join the world of criminological science at the time of Gorbachev’s perestroika (1986–91).

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