Prospects for the children of immigrants in the twenty-first century

Authored by: Julie Park

Routledge International Handbook of Migration Studies

Print publication date:  December  2012
Online publication date:  May  2013

Print ISBN: 9780415779722
eBook ISBN: 9780203863299
Adobe ISBN: 9781135183493

10.4324/9780203863299.ch26

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Abstract

During the first decade of the twenty-first century, immigrants continued to significantly contribute to the population growth in many developed nations in Europe, North America, and Australia. Although immigrants make up nearly 20–25 percent of the population in countries like Australia, Switzerland, and Canada, the United States has the largest number of foreign-born persons with 3.5 times more immigrants than the country with the second largest immigrant population (UN 2009). The United States is home to nearly 40 million foreign-born people according to the 2010 American Community Survey, which translates to more than one in eight persons. More importantly, almost one in four children in the United States are living with foreign-born parents. In some states with a significant immigrant population like California, nearly half of all children live in immigrant families (Mather 2009). Beyond the demographic importance of immigrants and their children in the United States, much of the previous research on the children of immigrants and their assimilation has been conducted in the US context. Therefore, much of this chapter will focus on the socioeconomic prospects for the children of immigrants and the assimilation literature in the US context.

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