Who lost the Middle East?

The collapse of the neoconservative-led US–Israeli hegemonic project

Authored by: Leon Hadar

Handbook of US-Middle East Relations

Print publication date:  September  2009
Online publication date:  May  2014

Print ISBN: 9781857434996
eBook ISBN: 9780203859377
Adobe ISBN:


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After the Chinese communists led by Mao Zedong won the civil war in China in 1949 and forced Chiang Kai-shek and his pro-American Chinese Nationalists to flee to Taiwan, US Congress and the press started to debate the question: “Who Lost China?” Conservatives blamed the “China Hands” in the US State Department, who were accused of exhibiting pro-communist sympathies, while liberal critics argued that Washington’s long-time support for the corrupt Nationalists ended up producing anti-American blowback in China. 1

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