Sudan

Governance in a divided country, 1956–2010

Authored by: David H. Shinn

Governance in the Middle East and North Africa

Print publication date:  December  2012
Online publication date:  February  2013

Print ISBN: 9781857435849
eBook ISBN: 9780203850053
Adobe ISBN:

10.4324/9780203850053-25

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Abstract

Sudan became an independent republic on 1 January 1956 after having been ruled as an Anglo-Egyptian condominium since 1899. Throughout the condominium period, the UK, the principal governing force in Sudan, treated Southern Sudan as a separate region that it believed would eventually integrate with British colonies to the south in East Africa. It was only in the post-World War II period that the UK, influenced by northern Sudanese, agreed to grant independence to a unified Sudan. Overt southern hostility began in 1955, a year before independence, when southern army units protested their transfer to garrisons under northern officers. This development set the scene for constant tension and frequent conflict between the north and the south that continued through 2010. 1

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