Neighborhood Spaces

Design innovations and social themes

Authored by: Ajay Garde

Companion to Urban Design

Print publication date:  January  2011
Online publication date:  March  2011

Print ISBN: 9780415553643
eBook ISBN: 9780203844434
Adobe ISBN: 9781136920097

10.4324/9780203844434.ch29

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Abstract

Neighborhood spaces constitute a key component of urban form. Reformist ideas, social values, and market innovations have influenced the design of neighborhood spaces to evolve over time. The diffusion of these innovations in the design of neighborhood spaces has, in turn, influenced the form of the city. What constitutes a neighborhood, however, depends on how one conceptualizes it, and thus remains a focus of academic discourse. This chapter begins with a brief discussion of alternative and competing constructs of a neighborhood. Does a neighborhood comprise a discrete physical territory or is it a physically more amorphous concept with a distinct social and economic notion associated with the idea of a community? Are there certain distinguishing characteristics that differentiate neighborhood spaces from other urban areas? The text following this discussion reviews the innovations and current practices in the design of neighborhood spaces. This narrative includes influential ideas and variants of the original concepts and the evolution of ideas in the design of neighborhood spaces. The chapter concludes with a brief discussion of some of the noteworthy differences across the important innovations in neighborhood design.

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